10 Erroneous Things People Actually Believe About Insurance

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Insure.com’s survey results reveal the biggest sources of insurance confusion. Are you among the many people who believe these myths are true?

This post comes from Amy Danise at partner site Insure.com.

Any confusion over what to buy or how to use a product can end up being costly, but when it comes to insurance, misunderstandings can end up costing thousands of dollars.

We set out to find the worst sources of confusion, based on 10 common insurance myths. Insure.com asked 2,000 adults whether 10 statements were true or false. All the statements were false. We also looked at who believes each myth more, women or men. In all cases except one, men were more likely to be duped by an insurance myth.

The top myth: More than half of people surveyed (52 percent) don’t know how to buy insurance for a house. Coming in second was the long-held belief that red cars cost more to insure (46 percent believe this to be the case). This was the only case where women believed the myth more than men.

Here’s how the insurance myths rank, along with the correct information:

Myth 1: I should buy insurance coverage for my house based on its real estate market value

  • 52 percent think it’s true (among those who said it’s true, 45 percent were women, 55 percent were men).
  • Tip: Buy coverage based on the costs to reconstruct the home. Imagine your home being leveled by fire or a tornado, this is a worst-case scenario that you want to insure for. In many areas of the country, rebuilding costs are quite different from real estate market value. In areas with a weak housing market, it might cost more to rebuild your house than what you could sell it for. And don’t include the value of the land in your coverage amount. An insurance agent can help calculate rebuilding costs.

Myth 2: Red cars cost more to insure because they get pulled over for speeding more

  • 46 percent think it’s true (52 percent women, 48 percent men).
  • Tip: Car color doesn’t affect insurance rates, and insurance companies don’t use it in their calculation of rates.

Myth 3: If I cause a crash with extensive damage to others, my auto insurance company can cancel me immediately

  • 44 percent think it’s true (50 percent women, 50 percent men).
  • Tip: Most states have laws that prohibit insurers from canceling you midterm because of a claim. If the insurer doesn’t want your business, it generally has to wait until your policy period is up, and then it can send you a notice of nonrenewal. However, you can be canceled at any time for not paying your premiums.

Myth 4: Small cars are the cheapest to insure

  • 40 percent think it’s true (42 percent women, 58 percent men).
  • Tip: Small and midsize SUVs and minivans are the cheapest to insure. In the 2014 model year, the Jeep Wrangler Sport is the least expensive vehicle to insure, according to Insure.com’s study of rates. Small cars do not have the cheapest rates because they are often chosen by younger, inexperienced drivers who submit more claims. Also, injury claims are higher from small cars, which lack the weight and protection offered by larger vehicles.

Myth 5: The Affordable Care Act (also called Obamacare) allows health insurance companies to base rates on medical conditions such as high blood pressure, heart disease and cancer

  • 36 percent think it’s true (42 percent women, 58 percent men).
  • Tip: The Affordable Care Act prohibits health insurance companies from basing rates on pre-existing conditions. Nor can health insurers charge different amounts for men and women.

Myth 6: Comprehensive auto insurance covers everything and anything

  • 32 percent think it’s true (41 percent women, 59 percent men).
  • Tip: If we could go back in time, we would never name it “comprehensive coverage.” Even “non-accident specific-problem coverage” would be less confusing to car insurance buyers. Comprehensive  coverage pays for certain problems such as car theft, storm damage, animal collisions and vandalism.

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