10 Ways to Fight High Medical Bills

Even if you have insurance, health care costs can quickly get out of hand. These 10 tips can keep your wallet in tip-top shape.


Health insurance helps to make care more affordable, but it doesn’t make medical bills magically disappear. No, we still have plenty to pay out-of-pocket.

In recent years, employers have shifted a greater portion of health care costs to workers. While people with employer-sponsored health insurance see their costs rise, it’s nothing compared with what some of those with individual health insurance pay.

Fortunately, there are ways to fight high medical bills and keep your out-of-pocket costs to a minimum. Following are 10 tips to cut costs.

1. Shop around

You wouldn’t buy a car or a plane ticket without shopping around, so why aren’t you also looking for the best deal for your medical care?

Of course, you won’t be asking about prices in an emergency situation, and if you’re having a complex operation, expertise will trump cost. However, when you need routine care or a nonemergency procedure or scan, you have time to check prices.

Websites like Healthcare Bluebook can help you determine fair prices for procedures and services. But ultimately, you’ll need to pick up the phone and start calling to learn what’s being charged in your area.

2. Stay in your network

While checking prices, make sure to stay within your insurance company’s network of providers. Going “out of network” can mean significantly higher co-payments. In some cases, insurers may refuse altogether to pay for out-of-network services.

You likely can search for in-network providers on your health insurance company’s website. In addition, check with the medical provider’s office when calling for prices or an appointment to confirm the doctor or facility participates with your insurer.

3. Skip the ER

The emergency room should always be your last resort. Not only do you get less personal service, but you also are likely to get hit with an outrageous co-payment. Under my insurance plan, it costs $150 to visit the ER compared with $20 for an office visit.

If you can’t wait to see your regular doctor, head to an urgent care center instead. The waits are usually shorter than what you’ll find at the ER, and care typically costs less.

4. Double-check bills

Medical bills aren’t always right. Medical Billing Advocates of America estimates that billing errors occur in favor of the health care provider 80 percent of the time.

Common errors include charges for medications never administered and services never rendered. Sometimes patients are double-billed or charged for room items that should have been included as part of a stay.

Always request an itemized statement, and check it carefully. If you find a mistake, call your provider’s billing department to dispute it.

5. Find a coupon

We know you won’t be able to find a coupon for your triple-bypass surgery or to have the doctor look at that strange fungus on your toe. However, you certainly can find coupons for prescription medications.

Drug companies want to gain your loyalty, so they’re often willing to help cover your co-pay for at least the first few refills. Ask at your doctor’s office about any coupons or samples that might be available. If you strike out there, head to the manufacturer’s website to see what might be offered online.

6. Ask for generics

If you need a prescription, ask if there’s a generic equivalent available. Generics are cheaper overall, and your health insurer may charge lower co-pays for them.

For other ways to save on prescription drugs, read our advice on how to safely save on medications.

7. Head to a dental school

About 108 million people in the U.S. do not have dental insurance, according to the U.S. Department of Health and Human Services.

If you are among them, taking your teeth to a dental school can be a cheap way to get the care you need. It’s one of the five ways we recommend to slash your dental bills in half.

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