Ask Stacy: I’m Barely Making Minimum Payments. What Now?

This reader’s brother is like many people I’ve heard from: barely making minimum payments and unable to save for emergencies. If that’s you or someone you know, here are some options.


Here’s a reader note I recently received. It’s long, but because it describes the situation of so many people I’ve heard from, it’s worth reading.

I have just recently started reading your Money Talks News, and I’m pretty impressed with what I see.

Do you have any advice for people who are deeply in debt, but who can (only) afford the minimums on their cards? I’ve been trying to help my brother, who’s made some questionable decisions and is deeply in debt. He’s let me go through his finances, and I started by helping set up a budget for him. It works, sort of.

The problem is, every time he starts getting his savings accounts up and making headway, something happens that drains them. He’s getting very depressed and it’s starting to take a toll on his marriage. The latest was the transmission went out on his car, which just drained ALL of the savings he had acquired over the last year.

He makes enough to make the payments on his house and debts without falling behind, but he can barely afford to pay over the minimums. He would kill me for sharing this, but I’m at the end of my knowledge.

He doesn’t want to file bankruptcy because his job is moving him and he’ll need to set up a new place to live when he gets there. Bankruptcy would look terrible on his record. What are some ways, in addition to budgeting better, that he can dig his way out of his crippling debt? A bunch of 0 percent interest credit cards to transfer to? Just stop paying all except one of them until it’s paid off and then go down the line?

Just for reference: He has two car loans, total payment $500 per month, three years left on each; six different credit cards, $1,100 per month. Total amount owed (on credit cards): $32,500. That $1,600 is half of his paycheck. His wife also brings in about another $1,000 a month after child care.

Thanks in advance for your advice!
— Matthew

Here’s your answer, Matthew!

When half of your income is going to credit card and car debt, it’s unlikely you’re going to budget your way out of this mess. There are two ways I’d suggest to start digging out of this debt.

Credit counseling

If you’re having trouble making payments, one option is a reputable credit counseling agency. They’ll gather the details of your financial life, then help you figure out what to do. If you can pay your bills with your existing income, they’ll tell you. If you can’t, they’ll probably suggest a debt management plan, or DMP.

When you enter into a DMP, the agency contacts your creditors. They make collection calls stop, possibly get some interest rates reduced and fees eliminated, and help you prepare a repayment plan you can live with. For example, if you’re now paying $1,100 a month but can only afford $800, you’ll send the agency $800 every month and they’ll divide it among your creditors.

When using a DMP, you’ll agree to completely stop using credit cards. These plans typically take three to five years to complete.

The vast majority of credit counseling agencies are nonprofit and offer free advice. Debt management plans, however, aren’t free. You’ll normally pay a monthly fee of $25 to $50, although that can be waived if you can prove hardship.

Warning: There are bad apples in this business, so you need to be careful selecting one. We’ve teamed up with a credit counseling agency that we refer readers to: Consolidated Credit Counseling Service. I’ve personally known the folks there for more than 10 years. They’re good people.

If you’d rather go another direction, however, no problem. But before deciding on a counseling agency, read articles like “Ask Stacy: Where Can I Go for Help With Debt?” for tips on what to look for. You’ll generally be safest if you stick with agencies that are members of the National Foundation for Credit Counseling or the Financial Counseling Association of America. Both of these organizations’ websites can hook you up with a counselor in your area.

Bankruptcy

In a story I did a few years back called “Dealing With Debt: Bankruptcy,” the lawyer I interviewed offered some simple advice: If you don’t have enough income left after eating and putting a roof over your head to make even minimum payments on your debts, it’s time to talk to a lawyer.

Personal bankruptcy comes in two forms: Chapter 7, in which most debts are wiped out, and Chapter 13, in which some of your debts will be repaid over time.

Bankruptcy isn’t free; it typically costs $1,000 to $2,000. One way to raise the money is to divert the payments currently going to credit card debts and deliver them to the lawyer instead.

Some people hesitate to file bankruptcy because they feel morally obligated to repay what they borrowed. But while it’s true you owe your creditors your best efforts, you don’t owe them your health, your life, your sanity or your self-respect. If you’ve done your best, hold your head up and do what needs to be done.

Which should Matthew’s brother do?

Matthew’s brother should start by talking to a credit counseling agency. It doesn’t cost anything, and they may offer helpful advice. If he ends up with a DMP, problem solved. The DMP will show up on his credit history and could be viewed negatively by some potential future lenders. It will not, however, affect his credit scores.

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Comments

  • Synthetic1

    They net $4,200 a month, or, $50,400 yearly. Their CC and auto debt is $1,600, or, $19,200 yearly. That leaves them $32,000 yearly for all else. Not a fiancial advisor or bankruptcy lawyer/expert, but I doubt a court would allow bankruptcy; they are not, yet, in bad enough shape. That is good.

    A plan:
    1. If at all possible, dump the cars to stop the bleeding of $500/month. Pay cash for two decent, economical cars such as 2005 vintage Corolla, Civic, Scion XB or XA, Mazda 3, etc at about $3,000 each. Cheap cars means they can drop the comprehensive auto insurance, more than halving their monthy insurance bill, probably saving another $200 a month.
    2. Negotiate better rates with the five credit card providers. If they refuse, transfer balances if possible.
    3. Sell everything that got them into this difficulty and pay down the $32,000. If they do nothing else but drop car payments, that $700 a month would pay down the CC debit in 4 years or less, possibly much less.
    4. Find cheap but safe lodgings in their new city, maybe saving another $300 a month on that.
    5. Take a hard look at every budget line item and “mine for gold” by eliminating or reducing everything on the list. Accellerate the CC payoffs with the extra money and put away about $2,000 for emergency. We really do not need most of the stuff we spend money on… buying things makes us happy until the bill comes and with credit cards the bills don’t feel bad until they become debilitating, the boiled frog thing. Replace “retail therapy” with a skill game of “how much money can we save if we….”

    They can get out of this but they need someone to guide them; people under financial stress tend to make even worse financial decisions as time goes on. They need to break the cycle. Good luck!

    • The Spirit

      You are suggesting logical moves, but they are not “fun”. They could also get part time jobs and earn enough in a couple of years to pay off their debts and also keep all of their precious past purchases.

  • What is her brother’s ultimate goal here? IF he can get the BK court to approve a Chapter 7 (he sounds like a possible Chapter 13 from these data), he can eliminate the credit cards (and the auto loans if he doesn’t want to affirm these with the trustee). But his underlying problem is not the debt, it is his values and beliefs that led to his decisions to pile up the debt. If he goes Chapter 7 he will probably be back in a similar situation in a few years.

    Which does he value more, two newer cars with their loans, or two paid off older used cars? Would he rather have a rebuilt emergency fund from working a second job temporarily, or use a CC to cover emergencies (and worsen his debt amount)? Are there any areas of the budget that can be reduced (cable/satellite TV?) to free up extra money?

    We each have a belief process that we use to make decisions. I made lots of unhealthy financial decisions 1997-1999 that led me to consumer counseling, CHapter 13 and finally Chapter 7. I don’t wish these three upon anyone if they can be avoided!

    Once the values and beliefs are in place, then the budget can be worked and adhered to. If the heart doesn’t support the brain, the plan will eventually fail.

  • Anonymous

    Dave Ramsey book “total Money Makeover”, followed by “Your Money or Your Life” by Joe Domingues.

  • Debt negotiation is also an option and it is an alternative to bankruptcy. Chapter 13 bankruptcy only has a success rate of around 33% according to the DOJ so why would you want to ruin your credit for many years with a debt relief plan that only succeeds 1/3rd of the time?

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