Scammers ramp up their activities each year around the holidays. Here are 12 popular scams you should be on the lookout for.
The holiday season is a great time for giving, but sadly, there always seem to be people who want to prey on our generosity and good cheer in order to rip us off. But you don’t have to be a victim.
In the video below, Money Talks News founder Stacy Johnson offers tips to avoid holiday scams and to make sure that your charitable giving goes where it belongs. Check it out, and then read on for more…
Avoiding holiday scams isn’t hard. Let’s take a closer look at the five Stacy mentioned, then round out the list with another seven.
Fake holiday help. Getting a seasonal job can be a great idea. In fact, it is one of our 5 Best Ways to Make More Money. But there are people out there preying on those who need work. Common scams to look out for include all manner of work-from-home jobs. If the so-called employer asks for money up front or your Social Security number, you might be on the verge of becoming a victim rather than an employee.
- Fake charities. Don’t ever, ever, ever give money to any charity – even spare change – without checking them out first. And that’s something you can’t do if someone’s on your porch, at an intersection, or on the sidewalk asking for money. Read 4 Tips to Find the Right Charity, then visit the FTC’s website for a charity checklist.
- Fake check scams. If someone is giving you money, how can you be scammed? The answer involves the fake checks that Stacy mentioned. In these instances, buyers want what you’re selling on sites like eBay or Craigslist. Their next step is to offer you a cashier’s check for more than your asking price, on the condition that you return the difference. Weeks later, you are informed by your bank that the check was a phony, and you’re now out your money and your goods. The American Bankers Association has some tips to avoid being a victim, but in short, avoid cashier’s checks in situations like this and never return any difference in cash.
- Counterfeit merchandise. In New York and other major cities, it is common to see street vendors selling fake watches and purses that appear to be high-end, name-brand goods. The modern version of these scams is to sell the merchandise online where the buyer has even less opportunity to inspect it. As Stacy said, beware of items that are priced well below their competitors, and be sure to buy from an authorized retailer.
- Fake vacation rentals. This growing scam involves people who advertise a property they don’t even own! Sometimes the scammer goes to the effort of hijacking the real owner’s email, like in this case recently reported in The Washington Post. Other times, the scammers merely show pictures of a place they pretend to represent. You send them money and show up to find you’ve got no place to stay. Solution? Take every possible step to ensure you’re dealing with the true owner of the property, and always pay by credit card, not wire transfer.
Here are seven more scams to look out for this year:
- Nondelivery of stuff bought online. Whether it’s an online store, eBay, or Craigslist, this scam is avoided by knowing who you’re buying from. Be suspicious of deals that seem too good to be true. Fortunately, eBay protects buyers from this scam, and credit card users can request a chargeback if goods are not delivered. Also, keep in mind that Craigslist always recommends conducting transactions in person so that you know exactly what you are receiving.
- Email scams. Many scams start with email, so be especially skeptical of anything that shows up in your inbox. Some messages involve references to recent events, such as a natural disaster or the death of a public figure. Others purport to award lottery winnings or the transfer of wealth from a foreign country. Don’t ever respond to unsolicited email.
- Phishing scams. An email from a legitimate company, like your bank, insists you log in to their website. You’re then directed to a copycat site that steals your username and password. If you ever doubt any email, don’t reply. Instead, call the company or open up a new browser window and go directly to their website. Check out these anti-phishing tips from the Securities and Exchange Commission.
- Watch for the “items-off-of-a-truck” scam. A friend of mine once paid hundreds of dollars for a stereo system that was barely worth the carton it came in. He was hit by one of the roving gangs of scammers masquerading as delivery men. They pull a truck up in a parking lot, then say that they can sell you something cheap, speakers or electronics, implying that it’s stolen. At best, the goods will be low-quality knockoffs. At worst, you could be receiving stolen goods.
- Limited quantities. An unscrupulous online merchant advertises a fantastic product, often cameras or electronics, at an unbeatable price. But when you place your order, you’re told they have limited quantities of this particular item. If the seller demands additional purchases to get the deal, or can’t produce a tracking number within 48 hours of any sale, cancel your order through your credit card company and move on.
- Bait and switch. This might be the oldest trick in the book, but it still happens. A seller advertises a popular product at a great price. When you attempt to buy it, either online or in person, you’re told the product is sold out, or not as good as a similar model at a higher price. Before you know it, you’re paying more than you intended for something you weren’t planning on buying.
- Layaway plans. Retailers are bringing back layaway plans, but with a catch. You have to pay fees up front and make regular payments. Fail to make the payments, and you could end up losing the up-front fee and paying a “restocking” charge. To avoid feeling scammed by a layaway plan, be sure to closely examine the terms and conditions. And if you can, avoid these plans entirely by saving all year, then paying cash.
Bottom line? Ninety-nine percent of scams happen when we’re too gullible, too greedy, in too much of a hurry, or when we’re feeling especially charitable. Be generous…but be vigilant.
For more information, see our:
- The 10 Golden Rules of Scam Prevention
- The Top 10 Worst Scams of 2010
- Tips to Avoid the Top 5 Consumer Problems