Ask Stacy: Should a 22-Year-Old Have an IRA?

Photo (cc) by glasseyes view

Today’s reader question is about retirement accounts. Specifically, whether a 22-year-old who inherited one should let it ride, or take the money and run.

Here’s the question:

Hi Stacy,

My 22-year-old son is about to inherit just under $50,000 as a result of being named as a beneficiary to an IRA account from my recently deceased mother. Her financial adviser has strongly recommended he simply roll the money over into an IRA account in his name that he won’t be able to access until he’s 59½.

While I can see the benefits of reinvesting that money, I’m just not convinced that it is his best option. What are some other shorter-term investment options, five- to 10-year plans, that you would suggest?

Much appreciated! — Sue

First, Sue, I’m sorry for your loss.

When my father died a few years back, he left some money to me, my older sister and my niece, who was about 25 at the time.

I salted my money away, and as far as I know, so did my sister. My niece, on the other hand, used most of hers to supplement her meager income, although she did use the last of it for a wise purchase: a small house, which she bought cheap during the housing bust.

If I still had them, I’d share the emails I sent to my niece practically begging her to invest her inheritance rather than spend it. But now it seems I have another chance with Sue and her son.

Inheriting young is like being born rich

Imagine that when you were 22, you were handed the opportunity to have $2.2 million at age 62.

I’m not talking about working, scrimping and saving. I’m talking about just being handed an extra check for that amount on your 62nd birthday. Wouldn’t that be nice?

That’s the opportunity Sue’s son now has. If he earns 10 percent annually on that 50 grand, and never adds a penny, 40 years from now it will have grown to $2,262,962.72.

While $50,000 isn’t a game-changer, $2.2 million is. And while I obviously don’t know what Sue’s mother had in mind when she left that money to her grandson, I’ll bet she hoped it would one day make a significant difference in his life.

Here’s the bottom line: Being born so rich you never have to worry about money would be ideal. But the next best thing is having the opportunity to avoid worrying about retirement. Sue’s son has that opportunity, and he should seize it by leaving that money alone to whatever extent possible.

Inherited IRAs are complicated

The rules surrounding inherited IRAs are complex. If you want to read about them in mind-numbing IRS-speak, begin on Page 36 of IRS Publication 590.

Your options for an inherited IRA depend on the type of IRA (Roth vs. regular), whether the person you inherited from was over 70½ when she or he died, the ages of other non-spouse beneficiaries, and other factors.

You can read more about your options, including rolling the IRA over into a special IRA, by reading “How to Inherit an IRA” from CBS MoneyWatch. Warning: Although this article is light reading compared with IRS Publication 590, it’s still no walk in the park.

You may be best off talking to a tax professional. But the gist is, there’s more to inheriting an IRA than “simply roll[ing] the money over into an IRA account in his name.” If their financial adviser doesn’t understand that, they need to find one who does.

Leave it in an IRA as long as possible

While the mechanics are complicated for IRA beneficiaries, one likely option will be using an inherited IRA beneficiary distribution account, or IRA BDA. This is essentially an IRA rollover. If he’s eligible for that option, Sue’s son should use it.

Leaving as much as possible within an IRA offers several advantages:

  • Earnings compound tax-deferred. Until they’re withdrawn, no taxes are due on earnings in a traditional IRA.
  • No penalty. If he takes excess distributions from the IRA, Sue’s son will pay a 10 percent penalty on the amount withdrawn.
  • No taxes. Take a distribution and you pay taxes on the money as if it were ordinary income.

In short, the only time to make withdrawals from an IRA prior to age 59½ is when you have no choice. Inherited IRAs typically do require distributions before then, however, so Sue’s son will likely be forced to take money out anyway. But he should keep it to a minimum, and immediately put any money withdrawn back to work elsewhere.

Don’t confuse an IRA with a lack of flexibility

Keep in mind that an IRA isn’t an investment. It’s an investment account. While it’s true that you can’t withdraw money from a regular IRA whenever you want without taxes and perhaps penalties, as long as it remains in the account, you can buy, sell and invest it however you like, as often as you like.

For example, you can buy stocks. That’s where I got the 10 percent rate of return I used in the compounding example I provided above. Depending on which index you use, that’s about the average annual return for stocks over the long term.

Of course, stocks involve risk. They don’t go up at a steady 10 percent per year. Because of their volatility, they’re best for those with the time to ride out the ups and downs — for example, 22-year-olds.

Avoid commission-based financial advisers

While I agree with the recommendation from Sue’s mother’s financial adviser, I may not agree with leaving her son’s account with that adviser.

Despite the fact that I spent 10 years as a commission-based adviser — or maybe because of it — I don’t recommend these folks. Fee-based advisers are more objective than those earning commissions and are more likely to suggest investments that will benefit you, rather than them.

Once it’s set up, investing this account may not require a lot of advice. It’s not rocket science. For a leg up, read articles like “Ask Stacy: How Do I Invest in the Stock Market?” and “Why You’re Stressed About Your 401(k) — and How to Get Over It.”

Got a money-related question you’d like answered?

You can ask a question simply by hitting “reply” to our email newsletter. If you’re not subscribed, fix that right now by clicking here.

The questions I’m likeliest to answer are those that will interest other readers. In other words, don’t ask for super-specific advice that applies only to you. And if I don’t get to your question, promise not to hate me. I do my best, but I get a lot more questions than I have time to answer.

Got any words of wisdom you can offer for this week’s question? Share your knowledge and experiences on our Facebook page.

Got more money questions? Browse lots more Ask Stacy answers here.

Disclosure: The information you read here is always objective. However, we sometimes receive compensation when you click links within our stories.

Read Next
10 Products That Upgrade Your Home for Less Than $45
10 Products That Upgrade Your Home for Less Than $45

Make a fresh start with these affordable Amazon buys.

Small Splurges That Make It Feel Like You’re Living Large
Small Splurges That Make It Feel Like You’re Living Large

Cutting costs is the shortest path to financial freedom. However, there are times when a little spending can produce big returns.

26 States That Won’t Tax Your Social Security This Year
26 States That Won’t Tax Your Social Security This Year

These states don’t tax any residents’ Social Security income whatsoever.

7 Surprising Ways Retirees Waste Their Savings
7 Surprising Ways Retirees Waste Their Savings

You can make your retirement money last a lot longer by avoiding these costly mistakes

How to Fix 6 Common Retirement Mistakes
How to Fix 6 Common Retirement Mistakes

Here’s how to strengthen your nest egg before or even during your golden years so these missteps don’t ruin your retirement.

View this page without ads

Help us produce more money-saving articles and videos by subscribing to a membership.

Get Started

Most Popular
7 Kirkland Signature Items to Avoid at Costco
7 Kirkland Signature Items to Avoid at Costco

Even if it seems you save a bundle buying Costco’s Kirkland Signature brand products, they may not be the bargain they appear to be.

How to Buy Gas At Costco Without a Membership
How to Buy Gas At Costco Without a Membership

The warehouse club often has some of the cheapest gas in town. Here’s how you can get it as a nonmember.

10 Things to Stop Buying If You Want a Clutter-Free Home
10 Things to Stop Buying If You Want a Clutter-Free Home

If you like to keep things simple, avoid these purchases.

A Simple Way to Silence Robocalls Today
A Simple Way to Silence Robocalls Today

A few steps can keep your phone from ringing when a spammer calls.

Prices Are Soaring on These 7 Items
Prices Are Soaring on These 7 Items

Some surprise price jumps are making life more difficult for consumers.

This Company Makes the Best Tires in America
This Company Makes the Best Tires in America

Driver satisfaction with tires is at an all-time high, but one brand stands out.

If You Find This Thrift Shopping, Buy It
If You Find This Thrift Shopping, Buy It

This iconic dinnerware is prized for everyday use as well as reselling for profit.

This Health Issue Can Hint at Dementia Years in Advance
This Health Issue Can Hint at Dementia Years in Advance

One type of pain is especially associated with cognitive decline.

Can I Switch to Spousal Social Security Benefits When My Ex Dies?
Can I Switch to Spousal Social Security Benefits When My Ex Dies?

Knowing when to claim can help you maximize benefits.

Medicare Will Not Cover These 6 Medical Costs
Medicare Will Not Cover These 6 Medical Costs

Don’t let these health care expenses catch you off guard in retirement.

8 Things You Should Always Buy on Amazon
8 Things You Should Always Buy on Amazon

The giant retailer shines when it comes to these things, from basics to hard-to-find specialty goods.

Beware This Hidden Ingredient in Rotisserie Chicken
Beware This Hidden Ingredient in Rotisserie Chicken

Something foul may lurk in those delicious, ready-to-eat birds.

7 Home Improvements That Cost a Lot More in 2021
7 Home Improvements That Cost a Lot More in 2021

These projects will take a bigger bite out of your budget than in the recent past.

5 Ways to Get Amazon Prime for Free
5 Ways to Get Amazon Prime for Free

Hesitant to drop $119 a year on an Amazon Prime membership? Here’s how to get it for free.

5 Ways to Fill Your Pantry With Free Food
5 Ways to Fill Your Pantry With Free Food

Anyone can take advantage of these resources.

5 States With the Worst Health Care for Retirees
5 States With the Worst Health Care for Retirees

All of these states are located in the same region of the nation.

7 Big Purchases You Should Never Make
7 Big Purchases You Should Never Make

Sometimes a big-ticket purchase is nothing more than a big waste of money.

3 Ways to Get Microsoft Office for Free
3 Ways to Get Microsoft Office for Free

With a little ingenuity, you can cut Office costs to zero.

6 Reasons You Should Stop Hiding Cash at Home
6 Reasons You Should Stop Hiding Cash at Home

Stashing money around the house is anything but harmless.

View More Articles

View this page without ads

Help us produce more money-saving articles and videos by subscribing to a membership.

Get Started

Add a Comment

Our Policy: We welcome relevant and respectful comments in order to foster healthy and informative discussions. All other comments may be removed. Comments with links are automatically held for moderation.