Photo (cc) by 401(K) 2012
Buy a product at a local store and, in most states, you’ll pay sales taxes of as much as 10 percent. Buy that same product online from an out-of-state company, and it’ll normally be shipped to your door without that merchant adding sales taxes.
But you knew that, right? Here’s what you probably didn’t know: In many states, you’re supposed to be paying those taxes anyway, either by sending in the appropriate sales tax to your state, or its closely-related cousin, a use tax (essentially, a tax levied by the state on any item not subject to sales tax).
Of course, legal or not, virtually nobody pays sales or use taxes to their state for out-of-state purchases. But that sales tax holiday might finally be coming to an end.
Businessweek recently reported that a bipartisan group of U.S. senators has introduced what they’re calling the Marketplace Fairness Act [PDF], which will make it easier for states to require online, out-of-state businesses to charge and remit state and local sales taxes.
While many online retailers are obviously against this bill, Amazon.com feels that some form of online taxes is inevitable, and the company is looking for a solution like this bill that creates a uniform system and controls the administrative costs of collecting taxes for every city, county, and state. You can read their press release expressing their support of the bill here.
One way To Save On Sales Taxes Now
While the letter of the law may currently rely on consumers to voluntarily remit uncollected sales and use taxes, there is at least one thing that consumers can do to save money: Make sure retailers don’t apply sales tax to pre-discount totals. I’ve made purchases with coupons and other discounts, only to find that the merchant calculated sales tax on the original price. Yet in every state that I’ve researched, this is simply wrong: Iowa’s Department of Revenue is clear on this issue, as is Florida’s, Colorado’s, and New York’s. The exceptions are typically rebates and vouchers for reimbursement issued by manufacturers or the government. In most cases this happens when I use coupons at restaurants, but I have even caught an auto dealer overcharging tax on discounted auto parts. In these cases, it is hard to say if an unscrupulous merchant is padding its bottom line under the guise of sales tax or if their poorly programed computers are actually collecting and paying extra taxes. Either way, it makes sense to learn the laws of your state and make sure your retailer is not collecting more sales tax then they should.
Today’s consumers can still enjoy ordering goods through the mail without having the merchant collect taxes – but that may change. In the meantime, you can at least be sure that you are still being charged the appropriate taxes when you save money by using coupons and other discounts.