Paying off a home mortgage before you retire is a common goal, but it isn’t always the best financial strategy.
It could end up costing you in the long run — such as by leaving you without cash savings to cover an unexpected expense, or without the flexibility to take advantage of an opportunity to earn a better return on your money.
Here are some financially shrewd reasons to carry your mortgage debt into retirement.
1. You plan to sell your home
Many people decide to downsize before or in retirement. They find that a smaller, less expensive home better fits their retirement lifestyle, as we detail in “7 Surprising Upsides of Downsizing as a Retiree.”
If you may be selling your home soon, think hard before paying off the mortgage on that home. Selling a dwelling may provide money to repay your home loan without having to deplete savings.
2. You plan to rent out your home — or a room
Does your retirement plan include relocating and renting out your present home? There’s no pressing need to pay off a home loan if the tenants’ rent payments will cover future mortgage costs.
You could avoid tapping into savings to pay off the loan. You might even realize a profit after your mortgage bill is paid each month.
That could be true even if you remain in the home and simply rent out a spare room through a vacation rental site.
A 2018 analysis by Homes.com found that in some cities, a homeowner could make enough money to cover a monthly mortgage payment by renting out a room just four or five nights per month. We detailed the analysis findings in “Do This a Few Days Each Month and Watch Your Mortgage Disappear.”
3. It’s more important to repay debts with higher interest rates
Before you commit to paying off a mortgage, determine whether there are better ways to spend your money.
For example, if you’ve purchased or refinanced a home in the past decade, your home loan likely has a relatively low interest rate. And if that’s the case, you will be better off financially if you first repay debts with higher interest rates, such as credit card debt.
Paying off the debt with the highest interest rate first will save you more money in interest payments over the life of the debt.
4. You’re still saving for retirement
Not everyone completes their career with enough money to enjoy a comfortable retirement. That’s why many Americans continue to work after age 65, the traditional retirement age.
If you’re contributing to a retirement account, such as an individual retirement account (IRA) or a 401(k), it may make more sense to use any extra money you have to build retirement savings rather than to repay the mortgage ahead of schedule.
Retirement accounts are tax-advantaged. So, saving money in one will likely enable you to lower your taxable income now or avoid taxation when you withdraw funds from the account in retirement, depending on whether the account is Roth or traditional.
5. You’re low on cash reserves
Maintaining an emergency fund is critical for financial stability. If paying off a mortgage will drain cash reserves, it could leave you in a weakened position. No one can predict when an emergency will happen.
Corey Vandenberg, a mortgage banker in Lafayette, Indiana, says people who pay off their mortgages early often end up with lots of home equity, but no money in the bank.
“This position is not financially healthy,” he tells Money Talks News. “You have to have an emergency fund for life’s unexpected events.”
6. You’d rather maximize income through investments
If you pay off the mortgage, you will have less cash to invest. Much of your wealth will be tied up in the value of your home. The only way to get at it will be to sell the home, borrow against your home equity or pursue a reverse mortgage.
Without any liquid funds on hand, it will be more difficult to take advantage of an investment opportunity.
7. You want to deduct mortgage interest
One of the benefits of being a homeowner is the ability to deduct the interest you pay on a home loan on your tax form.
The Tax Cuts and Jobs Act of 2017 — the federal tax reform law — placed new limits on the deduction, but it’s still beneficial to some homeowners.
Mortgage interest is an itemized deduction, however. That means you can only take advantage of it if you itemize deductions, as opposed to taking the standard deduction. And the 2017 tax reform substantially increased the standard deduction.
As a result, far fewer taxpayers now opt to itemize deductions on their tax returns, since claiming the new standard deduction gains them more money.