Everybody messes up with money now and then. If they’re honest, they’ll tell you their regrets.
Maybe they moved their 401(k) savings into cash accounts after the stock market crashed in 2008, missing the market gains since then. Or they bought a house they couldn’t afford. Or they waited until age 40 to start saving.
Here are some of the most common mistakes, and how to fix them:
Mistake 1: Keeping up with friends
One of the fastest ways to get into money trouble is trying to match the lifestyle and possessions of people around you. Status matters to most of us. That’s the culture we live in. But playing when you can’t pay? That’s financial suicide. Genuinely successful people are more independent-minded.
Better idea: Creating the life that fits you — and you alone — takes guts. Get your financial life under control by tracking your spending. Fortunately, doing so is easier than it ever has been, thanks to free online tools. Try software from YouNeedABudget, Mint.com or other money-tracking products on the market.
Mistake 2: Letting indulgences become habits
You can rationalize a small luxury because it’s cheap. Spending $5 on haute coffee isn’t a bad splurge once in a while. But do it every day, and that $5 treat is a $150-a-month expense — that’s $1,800 a year — just for your daily cup of joe.
Better idea: Track your spending daily or weekly. It’s the hands-down best way to control it. A simple budget is easy to make and gratifying to use. By all means, treat yourself once in a while to a goodie you can afford — and then stop.
Mistake 3: Putting subscriptions on autopilot
I gave someone a six-month subscription to Netflix a while back. Many months after the six months had passed, I realized I’d forgotten to cancel the subscription.
Many merchants enjoy streams of income from customers who sign up for ongoing monthly charges and then forget to monitor the charge. Remember to cancel that extra tier of cable or phone service you no longer need, or the free credit monitoring trial or premium channel preview period that starts charging your credit card after 30 days. These small charges really add up.
Better idea: Read bills carefully to spot services you no longer use. Call the customer service folks at your phone and cable companies twice yearly to review your accounts for better deals or features you can drop. For more tips, check out “You Probably Pay These Charges Without Realizing It.”
Mistake 4: Buying a new car
As soon as you leave the dealer’s lot with a new vehicle, that new car or truck starts to depreciate, instantly making it worth less than what you paid for it. Registration and insurance also cost more for new cars than for gently used models.
Better idea: Buy used. Save the money you’d have spent and put it to work for you instead. Hang on to your car, and drive it for long after it’s paid off.
Mistake 5: Buying almost anything else new
Why pay a premium for new books, toys, clothes, cars, tools and sports gear when you can get them for a discount used?
Better idea: Before shopping retail for a new purchase, see what kinds of deals are available on used goods. You can often find furniture, jewelry, clothes, appliances and electronics that look and work as well as new. And you will get them for a fraction of the price. Just remember that there are some things — mattresses, shoes, digital cameras and stuffed toys, to name a few — you should never buy used.
Mistake 6: Paying interest on credit cards
If you are paying 20 percent interest on credit card balances while your savings are earning just 0.2 percent, you’ve got things upside down.
Better idea: Rates on credit card balances are insane. Why pay hundreds of dollars monthly to borrow money to buy something when your savings are earning far less? If your job is safe and you have some money in savings to spare, use it to pay off high-interest debt. Then, rebuild your savings and pay off the entire card balance every month. Never borrow money at those rates again. Before signing up for a credit card, comparison shop. Check competing savings account rates, too.
Mistake 7: Ignoring your employer’s 401(k) match
You’re throwing away free money if you aren’t claiming every dollar your employer is willing to contribute to your retirement plan or 401(k).
Better idea: Never turn down free money, or that nice tax deduction you get by contributing to a traditional 401(k) plan. You’re allowed to pay as much as $19,000 a year into a tax-deferred retirement plan such as a 401(k). Are you over 50? You can make an additional $6,000 in catch-up contributions. Think you can’t afford to put enough in to get the company’s matching funds? Think again. You can’t afford not to.
Mistake 8: Borrowing to buy stuff that loses value
A new car may be your biggest depreciating purchase, but there are plenty more. When you take out a loan or use a credit card to buy toys — big-screen TVs, audio equipment, video and still cameras, or high-end sports equipment like new skis and boots — you are undermining your financial health.
Better idea: Pledge to pay only cash for toys and bling, whether that’s a snowboard or a dress for a special party. Consider dropping expensive mindsets, too: You don’t need to be an “early adopter” every time a new electronic device appears on store shelves.