8 Types of Companies That Check Your Credit Report

sad man reading his credit report
Photo by fizkes / Shutterstock.com

When you apply for a loan, you expect the lender to pull your credit report. After all, you’re borrowing money. It makes sense that your lender wants to see what kind of risk you present.

But what about other types of companies?

You might be surprised to discover that, even if you’re not borrowing money, certain companies may be looking at your credit report.

The following are examples of the types of companies that might be checking up on your credit.

1. Credit card companies

A credit card company can look at your credit report when you apply for a card. However, if you’re a customer, that company can look at your credit report anytime, according to the Consumer Financial Protection Bureau.

Additionally, prospective creditors can access certain information in your credit file to determine whether to make you what’s known as a “prescreened” offer for a new credit card.

Prescreening is allowed under the federal Fair Credit Reporting Act, but you can opt out of prescreening. We break down the process in “The Secret to Stopping Unwanted Credit Card Mail for Good.”

2. Insurance companies

The Fair Credit Reporting Act also allows credit reporting companies to release your credit report in association with “offering insurance coverage or setting insurance premium charges,” says the Consumer Financial Protection Bureau.

While federal law allows insurers to prescreen you for offers, it also gives you the ability to opt out of prescreening.

3. Employers

As part of a background check, employers can request a copy of your credit report. The Fair Credit Reporting Act allows credit reporting companies to release your report for employment purposes.

However, the employer must get your written permission to pull your credit report beforehand. You can refuse, but that could be grounds for the employer to reject your application, according to the Federal Trade Commission.

4. Telecommunication companies

When you sign up for phone, TV or internet service, the service provider might check your credit.

It’s not exactly a loan, but some companies want to make sure you’re likely to pay your bill, says James Garvey, the CEO of credit-building site Self Lender.

“The telecom provider wants to check if the customer owes money to the provider itself or to another telecom provider,” Garvey tells Money Talks News.

5. Public utilities

Signing up for water, gas or electricity? You might need to submit to a credit check, says Logan Allec, a certified public accountant and the founder of financial education website Money Done Right.

“Utility bills are generally paid in arrears, meaning you’re billed for usage after the fact,” Allec tells Money Talks News. “In a sense, these companies are making you a short-term loan. They let you use $50 of water last month, and you have until a certain date to pay them for it.”

If you have a low credit score, Allec points out, the utility might not have confidence in your ability to pay bills on time and might charge you an upfront deposit.

6. Government agencies and courts

“You may think that the government should have no business requesting your credit,” says Allec, “but sometimes they actually have a good reason to.”

Allec points out that when you apply for government assistance, you might be subject to a credit check to see if you truly qualify.

Additionally, the Fair Credit Reporting Act permits credit reporting companies to release your credit report:

  • In response to court orders
  • In response to subpoenas
  • For certain child support awards and enforcement purposes

7. Landlords

Looking for new digs? Your landlord-to-be might want a peek at your credit report, says Leslie Tayne, a New York City-based lawyer specializing in consumer finance and debt.

She points out that renting an apartment is a long-term agreement, and many landlords want to be sure that you won’t cause trouble.

“While rent is not typically reported to the credit bureaus, your credit report can give an indication of your overall likelihood to pay bills on time and your financial responsibility,” Tayne tells Money Talks News.

In some cases, she says, if you have a poor score, you might have to provide a larger security deposit.

8. Assisted living facilities and nursing homes

Expect to be subject to a credit check when applying to live in an assisted living facility or nursing home.

“These facilities treat applications like applying for an apartment, especially since costs are typically high,” Tayne says. “Having good credit shows the facility that you’re responsible with your payments and that you’ll use whatever funds you have to pay for the stay.”

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