The mobile life is a good life, for the most part, but along with the fun and convenience is a universally hated byproduct: robocalls — calls and texts sent to your phone without your consent.
They are illegal. The 1991 Telephone Consumer Protection Act and other rules limit telephone soliciting and automatic dialing. But some unwanted calls are legal and others may get past the walls built to protect consumers.
It’s hard to stop robocalls completely and forever. Some telemarketers are slippery devils, constantly finding new ways to fly beneath the radar. You can block most, though, using apps, phone features, common sense and by signing up for protection through a federal registry.
Here are 12 best ways to protect yourself from robocalls:
1. Don’t pick up
Don’t answer it. Well, duh, you say: Sometimes you can’t tell when a call is from a solicitor. But there are clues. Unfamiliar phone numbers and numbers not recognized by your phone’s contact list, for instance. If you’re unsure about a call, screen it by letting it go to voicemail.
2. Join the ‘National Do Not Call’ registry
Ignoring calls doesn’t always stop them, though. In 2004 the Federal Trade Commission launched a national registry where consumers can sign up to block phone and text solicitors. It is super easy to use. It doesn’t stop all annoying calls and text spam (see below), but it helps.
To sign up, go to Do Not Call and enter your phone number or numbers — cellphones and landlines — and your email address. You’ll get an email immediately with a link to click for activating your request. That’s it.
Telemarketers have 31 days to stop calling a registered phone. But there are some exceptions:
- Faxes aren’t covered.
- Only personal phones are covered. Business phones aren’t covered by the registry.
- Registering won’t stop all solicitations. “Calls from or on behalf of political organizations, charities, and telephone surveyors would still be permitted, as would calls from companies with which you have an existing business relationship, or those to whom you’ve provided express agreement in writing to receive their calls,” the Better Business Bureau says.
3. Ignore bogus calls from “the registry”
The Do Not Call Registry does not make phone calls. Scammers may call, claiming to represent the registry and trying to get you to “sign up.” Don’t do it. Hang up.
If a robocaller persists after the 31-day deadline is up, write down the phone number that appears on your caller ID and use it to file a complaint here, with the FTC. Or call 888-382-1222 (TTY 866-290-4236).
To complain you’ll need the date you received the call and either the company’s name or phone number. The FTC requires telephone solicitors to tell you — if you ask — their name, whom they’re calling on behalf of and their address or phone number. But of course many just hang up when asked.
5. Block text spammers
Text spam is illegal, too. You can report and block it. Register with the federal Do Not Call Registry (see above). Customers of AT&T, T-Mobile, Verizon, Sprint or Bell can block the spammer’s number by forwarding the text, free of charge, to 7726 (SPAM). You’ll get a free text back confirming receipt of your spam report.
“This free text exchange with the carrier will report the SPAM number and you will receive a response from the carrier thanking you for reporting the SPAM,” says CTIA-The Wireless Association, an industry group. Alas, this only works with spam sent from a phone number. It’s not effective with emailed texts.
6. Think before you click
Train yourself — and your children — to be ultra careful replying to text messages. Do not click on links in texts. Those can introduce malware onto your computer and take you to authentic-looking “spoof “sites that steal your personal information, the FTC warns. Never respond to a text, email or phone request for personal information, account numbers or passwords, even from a company that looks or sounds legitimate.