15 Cities With the Most Adult Children Living at Home

Adult child with parent
fizkes / Shutterstock.com

This story originally appeared on Lattice Publishing.

Even before the Great Recession, the percentage of young adults living with their parents was on the rise due to both demographic shifts and trends in employment and wages. Since that 2007-09 economic recession, the rate continues to climb. According to data from the U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics Current Population Survey, the percentage of 25- to 34-year-olds living with their parents reached 16.8% in 2019, after steadily rising from 10.8% in 2005.

The trend of more young adults living with their parents is fueled by several factors. One reason is that young adults are getting married later, and a growing number of young adults may never marry. The Pew Research Center hypothesizes that declining employment rates and wages for young men have led to an increase in their demographic not leaving home, whereas declining marriage rates may better explain the trend for women.


As more young adults reside with parents, the size of the average U.S. household is growing for the first time in 160 years. The recent increase in household size is partly due to an increase in multigenerational households and partly due to Americans “doubling up” — where at least one additional adult other than the householder, spouse or cohabiting adult lives in a household.

Young adults who live with their parents tend to fare worse in the labor market and have lower incomes. According to 2018 data from the U.S. Census Bureau, the unemployment rate of young adults aged 25-34 who live with their parents was 10%, nearly double the 5.1% unemployment rate of all young adults aged 25-34. The median personal income of young adults living with their parents — $20,000 in 2018 — was 33% lower than the median personal income among all young adults and 41% lower than that of all adults aged 25-64.

According to data from the U.S. Census Bureau’s American Community Survey, at the national level, 20.1% of young adults lived with their parents in 2018. (This estimate is higher than the published statistics from the Bureau of Labor Statistics due to sampling methods and differences in survey response categories, but the observed trend is the same.) The percentage of young adults who live with their parents varies widely across cities and states. States in the Midwest have the lowest rates of young adults living at home, while coastal states such as California, New York, New Jersey and Hawaii have the highest rates.

To determine the U.S. metros with the most young adults still living at home, researchers at Lattice Publishing analyzed the latest data from the U.S. Census Bureau. The researchers ranked metros according to the percentage of young adults aged 24-35 living with their parents. Researchers also looked at how the unemployment rate and median income of young adults living with their parents compared to their peers.

To improve relevance, only metropolitan areas with at least 100,000 people were included in the analysis. Additionally, metro areas were grouped into the following cohorts based on population size:

  • Small metros: 100,000-350,000
  • Midsize metros: 350,000-1,000,000
  • Large metros: more than 1,000,000
moad: Missing token

Here are the metros with the most young adults living at home.

15. Tampa-St. Petersburg-Clearwater, Florida

Tampa, Florida
Ilya Images / Shutterstock.com
  • Percentage of 25- to 34-year-olds living with parents: 22.1%
  • 10-year change in percentage of 25- to 34-year-olds living with parents: 57.3%
  • Unemployment rate among 25- to 34-year-olds living with parents: 8.4%
  • Unemployment rate among all 25- to 34-year-olds: 5.5%
  • Median income among 25- to 34-year-olds living with parents: $18,500
  • Median income among all 25- to 34-year-olds: $26,000

14. San Diego-Carlsbad, California

joseph-sohm / Shutterstock.com
  • Percentage of 25- to 34-year-olds living with parents: 22.3%
  • 10-year change in percentage of 25- to 34-year-olds living with parents: 79.9%
  • Unemployment rate among 25- to 34-year-olds living with parents: 9.9%
  • Unemployment rate among all 25- to 34-year-olds: 5.5%
  • Median income among 25- to 34-year-olds living with parents: $21,800
  • Median income among all 25- to 34-year-olds: $30,000

13. Baltimore-Columbia-Towson, Maryland

James Kirkikis / Shutterstock.com

  • Percentage of 25- to 34-year-olds living with parents: 22.4%
  • 10-year change in percentage of 25- to 34-year-olds living with parents: 33.4%
  • Unemployment rate among 25- to 34-year-olds living with parents: 10.2%
  • Unemployment rate among all 25- to 34-year-olds: 5.3%
  • Median income among 25- to 34-year-olds living with parents: $20,000
  • Median income among all 25- to 34-year-olds: $35,000

12. Hartford-West Hartford-East Hartford, Connecticut

Connecticut capitol building in Hartford
James Kirkikis / Shutterstock.com

  • Percentage of 25- to 34-year-olds living with parents: 22.5%
  • 10-year change in percentage of 25- to 34-year-olds living with parents: 40.9%
  • Unemployment rate among 25- to 34-year-olds living with parents: 7%
  • Unemployment rate among all 25- to 34-year-olds: 4%
  • Median income among 25- to 34-year-olds living with parents: $26,600
  • Median income among all 25- to 34-year-olds: $35,000

11. San Antonio-New Braunfels, Texas

Sean Pavone / Shutterstock.com
  • Percentage of 25- to 34-year-olds living with parents: 23.5%
  • 10-year change in percentage of 25- to 34-year-olds living with parents: 34%
  • Unemployment rate among 25- to 34-year-olds living with parents: 8.6%
  • Unemployment rate among all 25- to 34-year-olds: 4.6%
  • Median income among 25- to 34-year-olds living with parents: $18,000
  • Median income among all 25- to 34-year-olds: $26,000

10. Detroit-Warren-Dearborn, Michigan

Detroit, Michigan
ehrlif / Shutterstock.com

  • Percentage of 25- to 34-year-olds living with parents: 23.6%
  • 10-year change in percentage of 25- to 34-year-olds living with parents: 6.5%
  • Unemployment rate among 25- to 34-year-olds living with parents: 11.2%
  • Unemployment rate among all 25- to 34-year-olds: 5.3%
  • Median income among 25- to 34-year-olds living with parents: $20,000
  • Median income among all 25- to 34-year-olds: $30,000

9. New Orleans-Metairie, Louisiana

tugboat and barge. mississippi river at new orleans.
Chuck Wagner / Shutterstock.com

  • Percentage of 25- to 34-year-olds living with parents: 23.6%
  • 10-year change in percentage of 25- to 34-year-olds living with parents: -5.4%
  • Unemployment rate among 25- to 34-year-olds living with parents: 8.9%
  • Unemployment rate among all 25- to 34-year-olds: 5.5%
  • Median income among 25- to 34-year-olds living with parents: $14,000
  • Median income among all 25- to 34-year-olds: $23,700

8. Orlando-Kissimmee-Sanford, Florida

James Kirkikis / Shutterstock.com

  • Percentage of 25- to 34-year-olds living with parents: 23.7%
  • 10-year change in percentage of 25- to 34-year-olds living with parents: 65.1%
  • Unemployment rate among 25- to 34-year-olds living with parents: 7.7%
  • Unemployment rate among all 25- to 34-year-olds: 4.2%
  • Median income among 25- to 34-year-olds living with parents: $19,000
  • Median income among all 25- to 34-year-olds: $26,000

7. Philadelphia-Camden-Wilmington/Pennsylvania-New Jersey-Delaware-Maryland

Market Street in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania
4kclips / Shutterstock.com

  • Percentage of 25- to 34-year-olds living with parents: 24.9%
  • 10-year change in percentage of 25- to 34-year-olds living with parents: 47.8%
  • Unemployment rate among 25- to 34-year-olds living with parents: 11.2%
  • Unemployment rate among all 25- to 34-year-olds: 5.8%
  • Median income among 25- to 34-year-olds living with parents: $22,000
  • Median income among all 25- to 34-year-olds: $32,900

6. Memphis/Tennessee-Mississippi-Arkansas

Memphis, Tennessee
f11photo / Shutterstock.com

  • Percentage of 25- to 34-year-olds living with parents: 25.6%
  • 10-year change in percentage of 25- to 34-year-olds living with parents: 65.1%
  • Unemployment rate among 25- to 34-year-olds living with parents: 20.2%
  • Unemployment rate among all 25- to 34-year-olds: 9.1%
  • Median income among 25- to 34-year-olds living with parents: $13,900
  • Median income among all 25- to 34-year-olds: $25,000

5. Providence-Warwick/Rhode Island-Massachusetts

The Providence Atheneum
Nagel-Photography / Shutterstock.com

  • Percentage of 25- to 34-year-olds living with parents: 26.3%
  • 10-year change in percentage of 25- to 34-year-olds living with parents: 32.3%
  • Unemployment rate among 25- to 34-year-olds living with parents: 8.6%
  • Unemployment rate among all 25- to 34-year-olds: 5.8%
  • Median income among 25- to 34-year-olds living with parents: $20,000
  • Median income among all 25- to 34-year-olds: $30,000

4. New York-Newark-Jersey City/New York-New Jersey-Pennsylvania

New York
Mikhail Kolesnikov / Shutterstock.com
  • Percentage of 25- to 34-year-olds living with parents: 26.6%
  • 10-year change in percentage of 25- to 34-year-olds living with parents: 16%
  • Unemployment rate among 25- to 34-year-olds living with parents: 8.6%
  • Unemployment rate among all 25- to 34-year-olds: 4.8%
  • Median income among 25- to 34-year-olds living with parents: $25,000
  • Median income among all 25- to 34-year-olds: $35,000

3. Los Angeles-Long Beach-Anaheim, California

Andriy Blokhin / Shutterstock.com

  • Percentage of 25- to 34-year-olds living with parents: 30%
  • 10-year change in percentage of 25- to 34-year-olds living with parents: 46.5%
  • Unemployment rate among 25- to 34-year-olds living with parents: 7.9%
  • Unemployment rate among all 25- to 34-year-olds: 5.4%
  • Median income among 25- to 34-year-olds living with parents: $21,000
  • Median income among all 25- to 34-year-olds: $28,000

2. Riverside-San Bernardino-Ontario, California

Peace Bridge
Jon Bilous / Shutterstock.com

  • Percentage of 25- to 34-year-olds living with parents: 32.5%
  • 10-year change in percentage of 25- to 34-year-olds living with parents: 52.3%
  • Unemployment rate among 25- to 34-year-olds living with parents: 11.4%
  • Unemployment rate among all 25- to 34-year-olds: 6.7%
  • Median income among 25- to 34-year-olds living with parents: $19,000
  • Median income among all 25- to 34-year-olds: $24,000

1. Miami-Fort Lauderdale-West Palm Beach, Florida

Miami beach
goodluz / Shutterstock.com

  • Percentage of 25- to 34-year-olds living with parents: 33.2%
  • 10-year change in percentage of 25- to 34-year-olds living with parents: 60.7%
  • Unemployment rate among 25- to 34-year-olds living with parents: 9.3%
  • Unemployment rate among all 25- to 34-year-olds: 5.8%
  • Median income among 25- to 34-year-olds living with parents: $20,000Median income among all 25- to 34-year-olds: $25,000

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