This story originally appeared on Zippia.
Working hard or hardly working? If you’re like most American workers, the answer is you’re working pretty hard!
However, there is no denying that some cities have a more “dog eat dog” pace. Whether you’re curious if your city is one of them, or maybe you long for a city with a better work-life balance, we hit the data to find where workers are burning the candle at both ends.
To determine the hardest-working cities in each state, we ranked just shy of 4,000 cities on:
- Average hours worked
- Average commute time
- Workers per household (employed labor force divided by the number of households)
- Labor force participation rate
All of our data came from the most recent American Community Survey from the Census Bureau.
While time may not always equal work output, it is a good look into just how much of their lives people spend making a living (or getting to work to make a living).
Following are the hardest-working cities in the U.S.