Conventional wisdom holds that you should never lend more than you can afford to lose. Believe it.
If your brother or your BFF asks for $500 for car repairs, you have no guarantee you’ll ever see those funds again.
Here are the three “golden rules” of lending money to friends and family. Follow them, and you should stay out of financial entanglements that strain relationships.
Rule No. 1: Make a policy of saying ‘no’
Have trouble saying “no”? Try it a different way:
- “That’s not in my budget. Sorry.”
- “I have a strict anti-lending rule: I’ve lost too many relationships this way.”
- “I paid for your last car repair, and you haven’t returned the money. I can’t do it again. Sorry.”
- “Let me look at my budget and see what’s possible. I’ll let you know by the end of the day tomorrow.” (This is for when you’re blindsided and/or it’s a very emotional situation. Go home and send a “that’s not in my budget, sorry” email.)
If the would-be borrower continues to plead with or badger you, remember that you cannot wreck your finances to prop up someone else. It’s really OK to reply, “I’m not in a position to help you, and I won’t discuss it further. Sorry.” Be prepared to hang up the phone or walk out of the room.
Should the person bring it up again the next time you meet, firmly state that “if you keep talking about borrowing money, this conversation will be over.”
The most important thing is to formulate a policy now, so you won’t have to think on your feet when the situation arises. Maybe you only lend in dire emergencies, or to relatives with jobs. Or perhaps you decide not to lend to anyone under any circumstances.
The important thing is to decide on a policy, memorize it, practice saying it and stick to it — no exceptions. Your response should be immediate and firm.
Rule No. 2: Try to help in other ways
Financial guru Dave Ramsey doesn’t think you should ever lend money, especially to family members. “It ruins relationships,” he says. “If you have the money to help then give it, don’t loan it.”
Don’t make a habit of it, though. If your cousin or your frat buddy needs help on a regular basis, those cash infusions address the symptom rather than the disease. Whether it’s careless spending or a lifestyle that’s too big for its britches, the underlying issue needs to be fixed, not enabled.
Offer help instead of a bailout, suggests wealth psychology expert Kathleen Burns Kingsbury. For example, you could decline to chip in on an auto payment or credit-card bill and instead propose help in setting up a budget, or paying for a few sessions of therapy for a compulsive shopping problem.
“It may be that you can negotiate something where you’re helping, really helping, instead of supporting unhealthy behaviors.”
Rule No. 3: If you must lend, be smart
If you do decide to lend, get it in writing — even if it’s your mom, or the parents of your godchild.
You can get a free promissory note form online from a variety of sources including rocketlawyer.com, to name just one. Gail Cunningham of the National Foundation for Credit Counseling suggests getting the documents witnessed and notarized. This shows the borrower that you’re serious about being repaid. It also protects you later on if things get ugly — for example, if that former BFF stands in front of a judge and says, “It’s not my signature.”
Be specific about repayment terms. “As soon as possible” is vague enough to be interpreted as “any time from next week to never.” Spell out what happens if you are to die before the loan is repaid: Will it be forgiven, owed to the estate or — if the borrower is a close relative — subtracted from that person’s share of any inheritance?
You might also consider putting this phrase into the document: “If you don’t repay me via the terms on which we agreed, you will never again be allowed to ask me for money.”
If this is a significant amount of money (versus spotting a pal $50 until payday) protect yourself by talking to a lawyer and, possibly, requiring something to secure the loan.
Again, you shouldn’t lend money you aren’t willing to lose. Promissory paperwork notwithstanding, are you really prepared to take a sibling or a friend to court?
Do you ever loan money to friends or family? Share your experiences in comments below or on our Facebook page.