The 10 Best States for Veterans in 2020

Senior veterans
flysnowfly / Shutterstock.com

This story originally appeared on SmartAsset.

How easily veterans adjust to their lives after service depends on many factors, not the least of which is their ability to maintain adequate finances to cover their home payments and daily needs.

There’s good news for vets on that front, though: While about 37,000 veterans still experienced homelessness in January 2019, the homelessness rate among veterans declined more than 2% in 2019 and had decreased 50% since 2010, according to a 2019 report from the Department of Housing and Urban Development (HUD).

Despite that marked improvement, not all places are equally suited to help veterans thrive. That’s why SmartAsset crunched the numbers in all 50 states and the District of Columbia to find the best places for veterans.

To do so, we looked at data across nine metrics: veterans as a percentage of population, veteran unemployment rate, overall unemployment rate, percentage of veterans living below the poverty line, housing costs as a percentage of median income for veterans, percentage of a state’s businesses owned by veterans, number of VA health centers per 100,000 veterans, number of VA benefits administration facilities per 100,000 residents and taxes on military pensions.

Data came from the U.S. Census Bureau, Bureau of Labor Statistics, Department of Veterans Affairs, and militarybenefits.info.

Following are the best states for veterans in 2020.

1. South Dakota

Pierre, South Dakota from above
Jacob Boomsma / Shutterstock.com

South Dakota, home of the Black Hills and Mount Rushmore, is the best state in the U.S. for veterans.

South Dakota has 21.04 Department of Veterans Affairs health facilities per 100,000 veterans, which is the second-highest rate for this metric overall, meaning veterans in South Dakota should have relatively good access to health services.

There are also 3.51 VA benefits administration facilities per 100,000 residents, ranking 10th. In addition, South Dakota does not tax military pensions.

2. Wyoming

People kayaking on a lake with a mountain in the background.
B Brown / Shutterstock.com

Wyoming takes the runner-up spot.

Wyoming has the highest number of VA health facilities in the country, at 28.99 per 100,000 veterans. It also does not tax military pensions.

Wyoming finishes in the bottom half of the study in terms of the percentage of veterans who are living below the poverty line (coming in at 38th, with a percentage of 7.1%).

However, the veteran unemployment rate in the state is 1.0% — second-lowest in the study — so veterans looking for work could do worse than thinking about the Cowboy State.

3. North Dakota

A hiker in Theodore Roosevelt National Park in North Dakota
ZakZeinert / Shutterstock.com

North Dakota is one of the least populous states in the nation, but it does well by its veterans.

The Rough Rider State has the lowest unemployment rate for veterans in the nation, at 0.9%. Its overall September 2020 unemployment rate is also low, coming in at 4.4% — fourth-lowest in the nation.

Housing costs make up 19.90% of the median income for a veteran, the second-best rate for this metric in the study.

4. West Virginia

New River Gorge Bridge
Kenneth Keifer / Shutterstock.com

West Virginia has housing costs that make up just 18.95% of the median veteran income, the best rate for this metric in the study.

The Mountain State has the sixth-highest concentration of VA health facilities in the study, at 12.39 per 100,000 veterans, and the third-highest number of VA benefits administration facilities, at 5.78 per 100,000 residents.

Military pensions are not taxed in this state.

5. Maine

Bar Harbor, Maine
f11photo / Shutterstock.com

Maine is one of two Northeastern states to be ranked in the top 10, and it gets there partially on the strength of its 1.3% veterans unemployment rate, ranking fourth-lowest in the country.

Maine’s population is made up of 8.89% veterans, the eighth-highest percentage for this metric.

Maine also has 5.13 VA benefits administration centers per 100,000 residents, ranking sixth-best.

There are no taxes on military pensions in the Pine Tree State.

6. Alaska

Alaska
Christopher Boswell / Shutterstock.com

Also known as The Last Frontier State, Alaska has a relatively small population, but one that is 10.74% veterans, the highest percentage for this metric across all 50 states and the District of Columbia.

Alaska also comes in first for the metric measuring the percentage of businesses owned by veterans, at 11.60%.

The state doesn’t do nearly as well, though, when it comes to employing veterans, as the unemployment rate among veterans there is 6.3%, near the very bottom of the study.

On the plus side, the state does not tax military retirement pay.

7. Nebraska

Harvest in Nebraska
Weldon Schloneger / Shutterstock.com

Nebraska had an overall unemployment rate of just 3.5% in September 2020, the lowest in the country, and that rate is particularly impressive amid the COVID-19 pandemic.

Nebraska also has the fifth-best unemployment rate for veterans, at just 1.4%.

Nebraska taxes some portion of military pensions, making it one of two states in the top 10 of the study where military pensions are not completely tax-free.

8. New Hampshire

covered bridge
Jon Bilous / Shutterstock.com

Veterans in New Hampshire own 9.42% of the state’s businesses, placing the Granite State at 12th overall for this metric.

The entire population of the state is 8.52% veterans, the 14th-highest rate for this metric across all 50 states and the District of Columbia.

New Hampshire performs relatively poorly in terms of housing affordability: The average housing cost represents 36.25% of the median veteran income, sixth-highest in the study. However, military pensions are tax-free in the state.

Those who are seeking assistance with balancing all of these financial factors may wish to consult our roundup of the top 10 financial advisers in New Hampshire.

9. Montana

Montana town
Nick Fox / Shutterstock.com

Veterans will find a built-in community in Big Sky Country, where the population is 10.28% veterans, second-highest in the study.

That said, Montana taxes military pensions fully — the only state in our top 10 to do so and one of just seven to do so nationwide.

Still, Montana ranks ninth for both of the unemployment metrics we measured, with a veterans unemployment rate of 2.3% and an overall September 2020 unemployment rate of 5.3%.

10. Hawaii

Honolulu, Hawaii
MNStudio / Shutterstock.com

Hawaii places first in this study in terms of the number of VA benefits administration facilities, at 6.64 per 100,000 residents.

It is important to note, though, that the Aloha State had an unemployment rate of 15.1% in September 2020, ranking last for this metric in the study.

Furthermore, housing costs make up 39.41% of median veteran income, second-worst overall.

However, only 5.8% of veterans are living below the poverty line, good for 12th overall.

The state also has top-20 rankings for veterans as a percentage of the population, veteran-owned businesses as a percentage of all businesses and VA health facilities per 100,000 veterans.

Disclosure: The information you read here is always objective. However, we sometimes receive compensation when you click links within our stories.

Read Next
5 Ways Social Security Will Change in 2021
5 Ways Social Security Will Change in 2021

These adjustments will affect both workers and retirees in the new year.

5 Awesome Places You Can Retire Overseas on $2,000 a Month or Less
5 Awesome Places You Can Retire Overseas on $2,000 a Month or Less

In this week’s podcast: tips on retiring overseas — from someone who’s been helping American expats for decades.

9 Free Things That Used to Cost Us Money
9 Free Things That Used to Cost Us Money

Not everything is getting more expensive.

The 13 Worst Types of Tickets for Your Car Insurance Rate
The 13 Worst Types of Tickets for Your Car Insurance Rate

Some types of traffic violations can drive your car insurance rate dramatically higher.

8 Reasons Your Parents Had an Easier Retirement Than You Will
8 Reasons Your Parents Had an Easier Retirement Than You Will

Here’s why the last decades of life are harder now than they used to be.

View this page without ads

Help us produce more money-saving articles and videos by subscribing to a membership.

Get Started

Most Popular
11 Senior Discounts for Anyone Age 55 or Older
11 Senior Discounts for Anyone Age 55 or Older

There is no need to wait until you’re 65 to take advantage of so-called “senior” discounts.

20 Things That Are Actually Worth Stockpiling
20 Things That Are Actually Worth Stockpiling

You don’t need a year’s supply of toilet paper to survive an outbreak, but consider stocking up on these items.

Can a Twice-Divorced Woman Claim Social Security Survivors Benefits?
Can a Twice-Divorced Woman Claim Social Security Survivors Benefits?

Understanding survivors benefits rules is the key to getting the most from your benefit.

9 Things You’ll Never See at Costco Again
9 Things You’ll Never See at Costco Again

The warehouse store offers an enormous selection, but these products aren’t coming back.

These Are the 10 Worst Cars for Depreciation
These Are the 10 Worst Cars for Depreciation

Two types of vehicles are especially likely to see steep plunges in value.

Never Buy These 10 Things With Your Credit Card
Never Buy These 10 Things With Your Credit Card

Credit cards offer many conveniences and protections, but sometimes it’s simply smarter to keep the plastic tucked away.

13 Amazon Purchases That We Are Loving Right Now
13 Amazon Purchases That We Are Loving Right Now

These practical products make everyday life a little easier.

10 Things I Always Buy at Trader Joe’s
10 Things I Always Buy at Trader Joe’s

From snacks to sweets to side dishes, stock your cart with these time-tested favorites on your next TJ’s run.

8 Surprising Household Items You Can Sell for Fast Cash
8 Surprising Household Items You Can Sell for Fast Cash

Sometimes, the humblest household items are worth the most money.

19 High-Paying Jobs You Can Get With a 2-Year Degree
19 High-Paying Jobs You Can Get With a 2-Year Degree

There are easy high-paying majors available in the U.S. — and no bachelor’s degree is required. We’re here to help you find easy degrees that pay well.

Cut These 11 Expenses Now If You Hope to Retire Early
Cut These 11 Expenses Now If You Hope to Retire Early

Like the idea of financial independence? Part of the FIRE equation is cutting costs.

Stop Buying These 19 Things Online
Stop Buying These 19 Things Online

The internet has changed how we shop. But for some things, you’re still better off buying the old-fashioned way.

15 Products You Need — Even If You Didn’t Know It
15 Products You Need — Even If You Didn’t Know It

Discover some must-have products on Amazon that you didn’t even know you were missing.

7 Tips for Building an Emergency Food Supply
7 Tips for Building an Emergency Food Supply

A pandemic or natural disaster could leave you reliant on your existing emergency food supply. Is your pantry well-prepared for emergencies? Knowing what to stock up on for emergencies can be a difficult task and we’re here to help.

3 Ways to Get Microsoft Office for Free
3 Ways to Get Microsoft Office for Free

With a little ingenuity, you can cut Office costs to zero.

These Are the 4 Best Medicare Advantage Plans for 2020
These Are the 4 Best Medicare Advantage Plans for 2020

Medicare Advantage customers themselves rate these plans highest.

8 Things You Should Buy at Restaurant Supply Stores
8 Things You Should Buy at Restaurant Supply Stores

You don’t have to be a chef or a restaurant owner to shop here.

11 Things Retirees Should Always Buy at Costco
11 Things Retirees Should Always Buy at Costco

This leader in bulk shopping is a great place to find discounts in the fixed-income years.

11 ‘Disposable’ Items You Should Be Reusing

View More Articles

View this page without ads

Help us produce more money-saving articles and videos by subscribing to a membership.

Get Started

Add a Comment

Our Policy: We welcome relevant and respectful comments in order to foster healthy and informative discussions. All other comments may be removed. Comments with links are automatically held for moderation.