“Where are you from?” It’s a simple question for most people.
But when you’re researching family history, answering becomes a long and sometimes arduous adventure. After talking with second cousins and great-grandparents, you may find yourself searching databases to fill in the gaps and going further back in time.
Before you spend money on your research, check into these free genealogy resources. Each offers a wealth of information free of charge. From birth certificates and wills to census records and photographs, you’ll find everything you need to finish your family tree.
1. Public libraries
This may come as a surprise, but your quest for family history may be as simple as visiting your local library.
Libraries across the country offer card-holding residents free access to popular genealogy websites. The Boca Raton Public Library, for example, subscribes to Ancestry.com. Residents with a library account can use the service by visiting the library in person.
Other libraries may be more flexible, allowing you to sign in and search remotely from home.
Look for genealogy research options on your local library’s website or call the library and ask.
2. Allen County Public Library Genealogy Center
The Allen County Public Library Genealogy Center in Fort Wayne, Indiana, deserves its own mention because of its robust databases for researchers.
The many offerings include:
- Resources for Allen County, Indiana.
- Resource collections for military veterans, Native Americans and African Americans.
- Databases for other states that include cemetery records, church records, census data.
And, here’s the best part: You do not need a library card. You can access the genealogy center’s free databases online.
3. National Archives
Most Americans know the National Archives and Records Administration (NARA) as the caretaker of the Declaration of Independence, U.S. Constitution and Bill of Rights.
The National Archives also holds a host of civilian records. Among public research resources at archives.gov:
- Census data (the most recent records available are from the 1940 census)
- Records on military service, immigration, naturalization and land ownership
- The Access to Archival Databases (AAD), housing lists of immigrants from Germany, Russia, Ireland and Italy
- Records related to the Fugitive Slave Act, the Chinese Exclusion Act and Japanese-American Internments
- Casualties and prisoners of war from World War II, the Korean War and Vietnam War as well as other war records
- Passenger lists of people entering the Port of New York in 1846-1851
- A collection of online videos, including some telling how to use NARA records
You can broaden your search with an in-person visit to the archives in Washington, D.C., or another National Archives facility. There you’ll enjoy free access to genealogy websites including Ancestry.com and Fold3.com.
4. Statue of Liberty/Ellis Island Foundation
The Statue of Liberty/Ellis Island Foundation uses NARA records for its searchable online database of immigration information. Among the resources are scanned images of passengers who arrived at Ellis Island between 1892 and 1924 and an archive of almost 65 million passengers, immigrants and crew members who came through Ellis Island and the Port of New York from 1820-1957.
Visit in person or go online to libertyellisfoundation.org and enter a relative’s name in the search box beneath the main image for a free passenger search.
5. Castle Garden
The free searchable online database was named after the first official immigration center in the United States, now known as Castle Clinton or Fort Clinton. The nonprofit Battery Conservancy used NARA records to compile the database of 10 million immigrants who arrived at the NYC site from 1830 to 1892.
You can search a relative’s name, even if you are unsure of the exact spelling. The database is searchable by age, sex, literacy, occupation, country of origin, port of embarkation, date of arrival to New York City and ship’s name.
But it can be a burden to search each individual state archives when you have family from various parts of the country. That’s why volunteers formed the USGenWeb Project.
When you click a state on the USGenWeb map, the type and amount of information you see will vary by region. The content on USGenWeb.org is user-generated, meaning that volunteers supply the state and county records. This can produce interesting bits of history you may not find elsewhere.
7. Access Genealogy
With over 240,000 links, AccessGenealogy has a varied assortment of free online resources. It is perhaps best known for aggregating Native American data, including treaties and histories of tribes. A few of the many other resources:
- Over 600 cemetery transcriptions from across the country
- Black genealogy
- Census records from every decade between 1790 and 1940
- Military records dating to the 17th century
- DNA and vital records
To begin, click a category tab at the top of the AccessGenealogy home page or select a state from the right-hand column.
AfriGeneas is dedicated entirely to African-American genealogy. The site has a comprehensive collection of slave data and databases of surnames, marriage records, death records and more.
To get started:
- From the Records tab at the top of the home page select the type of record you want to search.
- Use the interactive guide for beginners.
With more than 4 billion names earmarked, FamilySearch, belonging to the Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints, is the largest genealogy organization in the world.
This nonprofit has evolved exponentially its founding in 1894. Use it to create a family tree, search records, host family photos and plenty more.
Visit familysearch.org to create a free account. The features include 24/7 expert phone support for your questions.
10. Find a Grave
This huge collection of gravesite data lets you search for basic information, including birthdates, next of kin and cause of death.
You can use the site to add a memorial yourself or to search the 170 million memorials already created.
11. Chronicling America
The U.S. Library of Congress and National Endowment for the Humanities sponsor a portal of digitized newspapers from select states. The collection includes newspaper pages from 1789 to 1963 that may reveal an interesting fact about a relative.
Search a family member’s name at chroniclingamerica.loc.gov and filter the search by state and date range. Or use the Advanced Search tab to enter specific search terms.
Have you created a family tree? What resources helped you most? Share your tips with us in the comments below or on Money Talks News’ Facebook page.